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State Medical Marijuana Laws

State Medical Marijuana Laws

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California voters passed Proposition 215 in 1996, which makes the Golden State the first in the union to permit the medical use of marijuana. Since that time, 32 more countries, the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands have enacted similar legislation. As of June 25, 2019, 14 countries and territories have accepted adult-use cannabis. As of Jan. 22, 2018, the Vermont legislature passed adult-use legalization laws and the governor signed the bill.

The step doesn't establish a regulatory strategy for production or sales. Watch the text of this step below.

A total of 33 countries, District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands have accepted comprehensive, publicly accessible medical marijuana/cannabis programs. Approved efforts in 13 states permit usage of"non THC, higher cannabidiol (CBD)" goods for medical reasons in restricted scenarios or as lawful protection. Low-THC programs aren't counted as comprehensive medical marijuana applications. NCSL utilizes criteria like other organizations monitoring this issue to Find out if a program is"comprehensive":

Security from criminal penalties for using marijuana for a medical function.

Accessibility to bud through house farming, dispensaries, or another system that's very likely to be applied.

It permits several products or strains, such as those with over"non THC."

It enables either smoking or vaporization of some type of bud goods, plant substance, or infusion.

Isn't a limited trial application. (South Dakota and Nebraska have restricted, trial programs which aren't open to the general public.)

In reaction to California's Prop 215, the Institute of Medicine issued a report that analyzed possible therapeutic uses for marijuana.  The emotional effects of cannabinoids, such as stress reduction, sedation, and euphoria could affect their possible therapeutic value. These outcomes are potentially undesirable for particular individuals and scenarios and beneficial to others. Additionally, psychological consequences may complicate the interpretation of different facets of the medication's impact."

Further studies have found that marijuana is effective in alleviating a few of the indications of HIV/AIDS, cancer, diabetes, glaucoma, and multiple sclerosis.

In ancient 2017, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine published a report depending on the review of over 10,000 scientific abstracts from bud health study. Also, they made 100 decisions linked to wellness and suggest methods to boost cannabis research.

At the national level, bud remains categorized as a Schedule I substance under the Controlled Substances Act, at which Schedule I chemicals are deemed to have a large possibility of dependence and no approved medical use, producing a distribution of marijuana per national crime. Back in October of 2009, the Obama Administration delivered a memo to federal prosecutors inviting them to not violate individuals who distribute marijuana for medical purposes according to state law.

In late August 2013, the U.S. Department of Justice announced an upgrade to their bud law coverage. The announcement read that while marijuana remains illegal, the USDOJ anticipates states like Colorado and Washington to make"powerful, state-based enforcement attempts... And will reevaluate the best way to challenge their legalization legislation at this moment." The department also reserves the right to battle the nations at any time they believe it is needed.

NCSL's coverage on condition cannabis legislation is discovered beneath Additional Resources under.

Arizona and the District of Columbia voters passed initiatives to permit for clinical use, simply to get them overturned. But, Congress blocked the initiative from becoming law. In 2009, Congress reversed its prior conclusion, allowing the initiative to become legislation. The D.C. Council then placed Initiative 59 on hold briefly and unanimously approved alterations to the law.

Before departure Proposition 203 in 2010, Arizona Republicans initially passed a ballot initiative in 1996. On the other hand, the initiative said that physicians are permitted to write a"prescription" for bud. Since marijuana remains a Schedule I substance, national law prohibits its prescription, which makes the initiative. Medical marijuana"prescriptions" are more frequently called"recommendations" or"warnings" due to their national prescription prohibition.

States with medical marijuana legislation normally have some kind of individual registry, which might offer some protection against arrest for possession till a specific quantity of marijuana for personal medicinal use.

One of the most usual policy questions concerning medical marijuana comprise how to control its recommendation, dispensing, and enrollment of authorized patients. Many states and localities with no dispensary regulation are undergoing a boom in new companies, in hopes of being accepted before presumably stricter regulations have been created. Medical marijuana growers or dispensaries are usually called"caregivers" and might be restricted to a particular number of products or plants per individual. This issue might also be controlled on a local level, along with some state law.

If another country's program is "substantially similar." Patients need to fill out Nevada paperwork. Adults over 21 can also buy at mature retail dispensaries. Query Two (2016) 

With a note in their home state, but they can't buy through dispensaries.

Ingested doses might not comprise over 10 milligrams of THC, merchandise might not be combusted (smoked).

Doesn't possess a health program.

Yes

Details pending but will need reciprocity.

SQ 788 Approved by Republicans on 6/26/18, not yet functional

Details pending

No, but adults over 21 may buy at mature retail dispensaries.

Public Health Department Legislation 155 (2016) in Spanish

Yes

H.511 accepted by legislature, signed by governor 1/22/18.

Doesn't provide for lawful production or revenue. Governor's Marijuana Advisory Commission proposed regulation arrangement under.

Lets adults 21 decades or older to possess up to one ounce of marijuana.

Selling buds in Vermont remains prohibited.

It allows adults to develop two plants.

Public consumption of marijuana is also not permitted.

No, however, adults over 21 may buy at a grownup retail dispensary.

WAC Marijuana principles: Chapter 314-55 WAC

FAQ roughly WA cannabis legislation from the Seattle Times.

Yes

Yes. No complete flower/cannot be eaten however may be vaporized. Yes

No, but might allow terminally sick to purchase in different nations.

** While Montana's revised medical marijuana legislation restricts caregivers to 3 patients, caregivers might serve millions of patients because of an injunction issued on January 16, 2013.

Restricted Access Marijuana Product Laws (non THC/high CBD- cannabidiol)StateProgram Name and Statutory Language (year)Patient Registry or ID card dispensaries or Supply of Product(s)Specifies ConditionsRecognizes Physicians from additional states definition of Products AllowedAllows for Legal Defense

Alabama

SB 174" Carly's Law" (Act 2014-277) Enables the University of Alabama Birmingham to run efficacy research utilizing low-THC products for treating seizure disorders for up to five decades.

HB 61 (2016) Leni's Legislation allows more doctors to refer patients to utilize CBD for more states.

No Provides legal protection for possession and/or usage of CBD oil. Doesn't create an in-state manufacturing procedure.

Yes, debilitating sinus conditions, life-threatening ailments, wasting syndrome, chronic pain, nausea, and muscle spasms, some other severe disease resistant to traditional medication.

Extracts which are low THC= under 3 percent THC

Patient therapy advice and results will be accumulated and utilized for intractable childhood epilepsy study

Yes

Yes, 5 enrolled nurseries throughout the country by area, that have been in operation a minimum of 30 years at Florida.

Yes, even cancer, medical illness or seizure disorders that produce symptoms Which Can Be relieved by low-THC goods

Cannabis with reduced THC= under.8percent THC and over 10 percent CBD by weight

Yes, with approval from two physicians

The legislation allows University System of Georgia to create a lot THC oil clinical analysis program which satisfies FDA trial compliance.

Yes, end-stage cancer, ALS, MS, seizure disorders, Crohn's, mitochondrial disorder, Parkinson's, Sickle Cell disease

Cannabis oils with reduced THC= under 5 percent THC and at least an equivalent quantity of CDB.

Does not define.

The possessor has, or is a parent or guardian of an individual who has, cancer, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, seizure disorders, multiple sclerosis, Crohn's disease, thyroid disorder, fibromyalgia, Parkinson's disease or sickle cell disorder;

No

Consists of no longer than three-tenths percentage (0.3percent ) tetrahydro cannabidiol by fat; consists of fifteen (15) times longer cannabidiol compared to tetrahydro cannabidiol by fat; and comprises no additional psychoactive substance.

Yes

At least 5 percent CBD from the weight. No greater than.3 percent THC by weight.

Yes


HF 524 of 2017 currently Section 124E

Yes

Yes, for ownership or use only, not to buying CBD in Iowa. Less than 3% THC

Exempt cannabidiol in the definition of marijuana and makes it to become administered by way of a public college or college of medicine at Kentucky for clinical trial or expanded access program accepted by the FDA.

No

 

SF 2360, Medical Cannabidiol Act of 2014 (Powerful 7/1/14 and repealed in 2017 and substituted )

Universities in Kentucky with medical colleges which can acquire a study trial.

No, just"cannabidiol".


Mississippi

All supplied through the National Center for Natural Products Research in the Univ. of Mississippi and dispensed from the Dept. of Pharmacy Services in the Univ. of Mississippi Medical Center

Yes, debilitating epileptic condition or associated illness

 No

"CBD petroleum" - processed cannabis plant infusion, resin or oil which contains more than 15 percent cannabidiol, or a dilution of this resin which comprises at least 50 mg of cannabidiol (CBD) per milliliter, although more than half of one percent (0.5percent ) of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

Yes, if an authorized individual or guardian

Yes, creates cannabidiol oil maintenance centers and cultivation and manufacturing facilities/laboratories.

Yes, even intractable epilepsy which hasn't reacted to three or another treatment choices.

"Hemp extracts" equivalent or less than.3percent THC and at least 5 percent CBD by weight.

University research studies using a bark infusion registration card in the country DHHS or got from a different jurisdiction which enables the elimination of the merchandise in the nation.

No in-state generation enabled, so goods would need to be attracted in. Any formal supply platform might require federal approval.

Individuals under 18 (minors) Minors with Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome, Dravet Syndrome, or other severe epilepsy that Isn't adequately treated by conventional medical treatments

No

A preparation of cannabis with no more than.3percent THC in liquid form.

Yes

Yes, only permitted for minors

South Carolina

SB 1035 (2014) Medical Cannabis Therapeutic Therapy Act- Julian's Legislation

Yes Must Utilize CBD merchandise in an approved source; and

(2) accepted by the United States Food and Drug Administration for use for the treatment of an illness specified in an investigational new drug program.

-The principal investigator and some sub-investigator may get cannabidiol straight from a licensed source or approved distributor for a licensed resource to be used in the enlarged access clinical trials.

Some have interpreted the legislation to permit patients and practitioners to create their products.

Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome, Dravet Syndrome, also referred to as severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy or another sort of refractory epilepsy which isn't adequately treated by conventional medical treatments.

No

Cannabidiol or derivative of bud which comprises 0.9percent THC and over 15 percent CBD, or least 98% cannabidiol (CBD) and more than 0.90percent tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) by quantity That's Been extracted from the bud or synthesized in a lab

Yes

Creates a four-year analysis of top CBD/low THC bud in TN Tech Univ.

Researchers Will Need to monitor patient information and results

No

Only products Made by Tennessee Tech University.

Patients might have low THC oils just if they're bought"lawfully in the USA and out of Tennessee," in a suspected medical cannabis condition, however, most countries don't permit products to depart the state.

It allows for lawful protection for getting the item so long as it had been obtained lawfully in the united states or alternative medical marijuana condition.

Yes, intractable seizure ailments.

"Cannabis petroleum" with over.9percent THC as part of a clinical research study

Just like above.

Yes, licensed from the Department of Public Safety.

Yes, even intractable epilepsy, an incurable neurodegenerative disorder, terminal cancer, multiple sclerosis, spasticity, ALS, autism.

No

"Low-THC Cannabis" with more than 0.5 percent by weight of tetrahydrocannabinol.

Yes

Not completely apparent, nevertheless it might allow higher education establishment to develop or cultivate industrial hemp.

Yes, even intractable epilepsy which has not reacted to three or even more treatment choices indicated by a neurologist.

"Hemp extracts" with less than.3percent THC by weight and at least 15 percent CBD by weight and contains no additional psychoactive substances

Yes

Virginia

HB 1445

No in-state way of acquiring cannabis solutions.

Intractable epilepsy

No

Cannabis oils using at least 15 percent CBD or THC-A and no longer than 5 percent THC.

Yes

Wisconsin

AB 726 (2013 Act 267)

No


Physicians and pharmacies using an investigational medication license by the FDA can dispense cannabidiol. Licensed patients would also have been permitted to get CBD in an out-of-state medical marijuana dispensary which permits out-of-state patients to utilize their dispensaries, also, to eliminate the merchandise in the state.

No in-state production/manufacturing mechanism supplied.

Seizure disorders

The exception to the definition of illegal THC by state legislation permits for ownership of"cannabidiol at a type with no untoward effect." THC or CBD amounts aren't defined.

No

Yes

Wyoming

HB 32 (2015)

Supervised medical usage of berry extracts. Powerful 7/1/2015

Yes

No in-state creation or purchase process defined.

Intractable epilepsy or seizure disorders

No

"Hemp extracts" with less than 0.3percent THC and at least 5 percent CBD by weight.

Yes

*The resources provided for information purposes only. NCSL doesn't endorse the opinions expressed in some of these content linked from this webpage.

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